A curriculum vitae (CV) is an account of a person's education, qualifications, and previous experiences. In the United States, the CV is used almost exclusively when pursuing an academic position; it reflects the developments in a faculty–researcher’s career and should be updated frequently. To stay on top of new developments, you should treat your CV as a living document.
The key differences between a CV and a resume are length and purpose. CVs are often three or more pages used to construct your scholarly identity. Your CV should demonstrate your abilities as a teacher, researcher, and scholar.
A resume and a CV also differ in focus and format.
|Focus||Emphasizes skills relevant to the position||Emphasizes academic accomplishments|
|Use||When applying for positions in industry, nonprofit, and public sectors||When applying for positions in academia, research fellowships, and grants|
|Length||No longer than two pages||Depends on experience and the number of publications, posters, and presentations; often three pages or more|
|Format||Education section can be included at the top or bottom||Education section is always at the top (including advisor’s name, dissertation title, and a summary)|
The focus of your CV should reflect the specific position you're applying for. For example:
Consider maintaining multiple versions of your CV to make it easier to apply for different positions as they come available.
Include examples that have statistics and numbers. For example:
Don't just list your past job duties; instead, highlight specific experiences that will help the employer understand the type of teacher, researcher, and scholar you are. This can be achieved with a strong summary of your experience with quantifiable examples and details that focus on your professional strengths.
These descriptions should be short and concise with no vague or embellished statements.
Your goal should be to provide the most helpful information that will clearly demonstrate your qualifications for the position.